About KMI

KMI Events

Publications

Membership

Home

Constitution & By Laws

Past Presidents

Officers & Directors


Kentucky Mining Institute Publications


COAL MINING REFERENCE BOOK
Fifth Edition, Revised
Kentucky Mining Institute 1997

This Revised Fifth Edition of the Coal Mining Reference Book is intended to fill the need for a simple, easily understood text of mining terms and problems that also addresses the importance of the safety and health of mine workers.  It should not be considered a textbook, but rather a reference manual from which those desiring to improve their knowledge of mining may obtain valuable information.  Students will find it especially helpful in preparing for examinations for fire boss, mine foreman, and mine inspector.  The material presented is mostly in question-and-answer format and is in simple terms and language.  For those seeking knowledge of mining beyond the scope of this book, there are numerous textbooks, vocational training, and correspondence courses available.  In revising this book, every effort was made to update the information to reflect current mining practices.  As changes in mining technology occur, the book will be revised periodically to provide the most recent information available.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The Kentucky Mining Institute is grateful to the late Jed Mosgrove who, with Cloyd McDowell, authored the first Coal Mining Reference Book in 1948 and edited the subsequent editions.

Special appreciation is given to the following groups and individuals who made significant contributions to the revisions in this edition:

For updating, revising and editing:
For their contributions to the chapter on a mine foreman's liabilities:

Wyatt Tarrant and Combs-- Marco M. Rajkovich, Jr. and Joseph J. Zaluski

For critical review of the text:

David Blankenship-- TECO Coal Corporation
Patrick Graham-- James River Coal Service Company
Elmer Howard-- Martin County Coal Corporation
Joe Jacobs-- Kentucky May Coal Company
Ben Spears-- MAPCO Coal Corporation

For editing and layout work:

Katen and Associates, Inc. -- Ellyn C. Katen

For coordinating the efforts of each group and contributing to the chapter on governmental agencies:

Kentucky Coal Association -- William K. Caylor


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Part I: General Principles and Safety Provisions

Chapter 1: Characteristics of Coal 1
Coal Origin and Properties
Coal Rank
1
3
Chapter 2: Types of Mining 5
Underground Mining
Surface Mining
5
7
Chapter 3: Governmental Agencies 9
Laws and Regulations
Licenses and Permits
Information and Services
9
9
11
Chapter 4: A Foreman's Liabilities 13
Health and Safety Liability
Environmental Liability
13
14
Chapter 5: Mine Gases and Dusts 16
Properties of Gases
Air
Oxygen
Methane
Carbon Dioxide
Carbon Monoxide
Nitrogen
Hydrogen Sulfide
Nitrogen Dioxide
Sulphur Dioxide
Hydrogen
Water Vapor
Diesel Exhaust
Gas Detection
Practice Problems
16
16
20
21
25
26
28
28
29
29
30
31
31
32
39
Chapter 6: Fundamentals of Electricity 41
General
Electrical Conductors
Grounding
Permissibility
41
47
49
51
Chapter 7: Surveying and Mapping 53
Surveying Principles
Keeping on Centers
Turning a Place Without a Transit
Sighting in Centers
Surface Mining
53
55
56
57
59
Chapter 8: First Aid 60
Human Anatomy
Injury Assessment and Self-Protection
Respiration
Patient Assessment and Treatment
Artificial Respiration
Foreign Body Airway Obstruction (FBAO)
Control of Bleeding
Nervous System
Physical Shock
Wounds
Burns
Closed Wounds
Dislocations and Fractures
Transportation of the Injured
60
63
65
66
68
71
72
75
75
77
81
82
84
87
Chapter 9: General Safety Provisions 90
General
Self-Rescue Devices
        Filter-Type Self-Rescue Devices
        Self-Contained Self-Rescuers
Dust Respirators
Other Personal Protective Equipment
Guarding
Working on Platforms, Ladders, or Scaffolds
90
91
91
92
93
93
95
97
Chapter 10: Mine Emergencies 99
Accidents, Investigations, and Reporting
Explosions
Fires
        Fire Prevention
        Fire-Fighting Equipment
        Fighting and Sealing Mine Fires
        Unsealing Mine Fires
Recovery Operations Following Explosions and Fires
Barricading
Coal Dust
Mine Rescue Apparatus
Environmental
99
100
103
103
104
107
110
112
115
117
119
121

Part II: Underground Mines

Chapter 11: Underground Mine Planning and Methods of Mining 122
Chapter 12: Ground Control 126
General
Examination and Testing of Roof and Coal
Roof Support
126
130
131
Chapter 13: Ventilation 138
General
Fans
Barometer
Water Gage
Stoppings/Seals
Overcasts
Regulators
Doors
Check Curtains
Line Brattices
Auxiliary Fans
Belt Conveyor Entry Ventilation
Anemometer
Terms
Formulas
Examples
Practice Problems
138
143
145
148
149
150
151
152
154
154
155
156
156
158
160
160
161
Chapter 14: Electricity and Maintenance in Underground Mines 163
Electrical Safety
Conductors
Grounding
Trolley Circuits
Permissibility
163
165
166
167
168
Chapter 15: Mine Hoisting, Transportation, and Haulage 170
Hoisting
Belt Haulage
Track Haulage
        General
        Clearance and Shelter Holes
        Locomotive and Trips
        Mantrips
        Track Problems
Rubber-Tired Haulage Equipment
170
174
176
176
177
178
181
182
184
Chapter 16: Explosives and Blasting in Underground Mines 185
Permissible Explosives
Transportation of Explosives
Storage of Explosives
Firing Devices
Preparation and Use of Explosives
185
186
187
189
192
Chapter 17: Mine Drainage and Pumping 198

Part III: Surface Mines and Surface Areas of Underground Mines

Chapter 18: Surface Mine Planning and Methods of Mining 202
Chapter 19: Ground Control 204
Surface Mines
Augering Operations
204
208
Chapter 20: Explosives and Blasting 210
Licenses and Permits
General Safety
Storage
Transportation
Use
210
211
212
212
213
Chapter 21: Loading, Hauling, and Dumping 218
General
Loading
Hauling
Dumping
Maintenance
218
220
221
222
222
Chapter 22: Electricity and Maintenance 224
Chapter 23: Preparation Plants and Load-outs 226
Definitions 233
Selected Resources 257
Editorial Review Committee 259

EDITORIAL REVIEW COMMITTEE

JFranklin.jpg (2988 bytes) John L. Franklin is the Commissioner of the Kentucky Department of Mines and Minerals.  Commissioner Franklin has over 23 years of experience in the mining industry.  His career began at South Hopkins Coal Company and continued as he worked for several coal companies as a miner, section foreman, mine foreman and superintendent.  Commissioner Franklin joined the Kentucky Department of Mines and Minerals in 1987 as a mine safety analyst, later serving as a mine safety instructor and inspector.  In June 1992 he was appointed as Director of the Mine Safety Analysis Division, where he served until May 1995 when he was appointed Commissioner of the Department.
sgardner.jpg (5026 bytes) J. Steven Gardner, P.E., L.S., is a graduate of the University of Kentucky with an M.S. degree in Mining Engineering and B.S. in Agricultural Engineering.  He began his career with Beth-Elkhorn Corp. in 1975.   Subsequently, he held positions with consulting firms and mining operations, including production, design and management.  He served on the Tennessee DOL's Volunteer Mine Rescue Squad in 1980 and 1981.  In 1983 he formed Tri-State Engineering, Inc., which later merged with MINING CONSULTING SERVICES, INC., a Lexington, Kentucky firm, where he serves as President.
sjohnson.jpg (4908 bytes) Samuel S. Johnson, MBA, P.E., is President of the Lexington, KY based JOHNSON & MOORE CONSULTING, INC. JMC's practice includes engineering, safety, and management services.  Mr. Johnson holds a B.S. in Civil Engineering, Mining Option, from the Univ. of Kentucky and an MBA from Xavier Univ.   He served as Deputy Commissioner of the KY Dept. Mines & Minerals, was a member of its mine rescue team and the Governor's Deep Mining Safety Comm.  After concluding as V.P. of Transco Coal Co., he began his practice as a professional engineer, energy consultant, and safety expert in 1989.  He is certified as a mine foreman in KY, TN., and VA.
kkaten.jpg (5519 bytes) Kenneth P. Katen, P.E., a former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Labor for MSHA, is president of KATEN and ASSOCIATES, Inc., a Lexington, Kentucky firm that provides international management, engineering, and safety services.   Since he began his career in 1972, he has worked in various positions involving engineering, production, and management at mining firms with operations throughout the U.S. Mr. Katen holds a B.S. in Mineral Processing and an M.S. in Mining Engineering from Penn State, is a registered professional engineer, a certified mine foreman, and certified MSHA electrical instructor.

TO ORDER THE COAL MINING REFERENCE BOOK

Send certified check or money order payable to the Kentucky Mining Institute.  Mail to

Kentucky Mining Institute
340 South Broadway, Suite 100
Lexington, Kentucky 40508

You may print the following order form for your convenience:

Price $38.00
                    (Half Price Discount to Schools and Libraries)

Please check one:

O Certified check O Money Order
Please send reference book to the following:

Name
Address

______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________

Copyright 2000 Kentucky Mining Institute
All rights reserved, E-mail: webmaster@miningusa.com
Design & Hosted by Mining Internet Services, Inc.